In the early 1940s, during the second world war, and before the importance of building conservation became as well understood as it is today, Dr John Bowes Morrell and his brother Cuthbert began conserving medieval properties in York. Many at risk of neglect and disuse, the brothers believed the buildings were an essential part of York’s heritage and should be saved. Such was the brother’s sense of civic duty and pride, they wanted, not simply to conserve bricks and mortar, but to bring the buildings back to life, as family homes and business premises.
John Bowes Morrell and Cuthbert Morrell
John and Cuthbert were sons of William Wilberforce Morrell, a Wesleyan Methodist and banker in Selby, who, on promotion to General Manager of the York City and County Bank, moved to York in 1875. The young boys attended the Quaker Bootham School and were contemporaries of Joseph Rowntree's son Seebohm and nephew Arnold.
At 24 John Bowes Morrell became the first non-family member to be invited to join the Board of Joseph Rowntree & Sons. Twice Mayor of York, John went on to become a prominent businessman in the newspaper industry and serve as a member of York Council for forty years. In 1940 John wrote The City of Our Dreams, setting out his vision of how York's heritage assets should inform and be integral to the postwar modernisation plans. With a group of influential York public servants and business men, including Noel Terry, John founded York Civic Trust and was a key mover in the campaign for a university in the city. Heslington Hall where the main Univeristy of York campus is located was bought by John in the 1950s. The main university library is named in his honour.
Bringing buildings back to life
In 1945, John, together with Cuthbert and his detailed knowledge of vernacular architecture and historic buildings, established Ings Property Company with seven properties. Profit, however, was never a motive. From the beginning, the brothers wanted to conserve buildings of “historic and cultural significance”, a sentiment that led to Ings Property Company becoming York Conservation Trust in 1976 - the charitable organisation we operate today.
Over the years, we have added to our portfolio of buildings and, currently, York Conservation Trust has 76 properties, or groups of buildings.
Custodian and landlord
All of our buildings are acquired as freehold properties. We have also taken on particular buildings for a nominal sum, including York Theatre Royal from City of York Council. Because we are only focused on the long-term conservation interests of the theatre, it was felt that we were in a better position to be its custodian than the local authority, which has so many calls on its resources. Today, the family of John and Cuthbert still form part of the Trust's Board of Trustees and continue to support the ideals of the brothers.
As a charity, conservation organisation and landlord, we play a crucial role in the life of York, its community and built heritage, working alongside our tenants and planning for the future of our vibrant city. Our tenants make their homes and operate businesses from our unique buildings. Supporting community in the centre of York and offering commercial enterprises a great way to stand out deliver an enhanced customer experience. Making the buildings they inhabit part of their brand story and playing on the very particular look and locations.
We offer central York meeting room hire at De Grey House.
We also welcome visitors to York to be part of our rich history with a range of holiday flats and houses. If you would like to enjoy a York city break, choose from our well appointed guest apartments in York's historic city centre.
You can see Dr John Bowes Morrell's portrait by Henry Marvell Carr in our largest meeting room, which we have named Bowes commemorating our founder.